llll➤ Aktuelle OTTO Gutscheine ✅ Finde täglich die besten Gutscheincodes ✚✚✚ Sichere dir Rabatte und spare Geld bei deiner Bestellung auf svedjasnickeri.nu Aktuell sparen Neu- & Bestandskunden durch unsere OTTO Gutscheincodes Euro oder Prozent - je nach Produkt bzw. Bestellwert. llll➤ Aktuelle OTTO Gutscheine ✅ Finde täglich die besten Gutscheincodes ✚✚✚ Sichere dir Rabatte und spare Geld bei deiner Bestellung auf svedjasnickeri.nu Help us improve this article! Otto was sure Beste Spielothek in Sankt Michaelisdonn finden the Lenoir engine would be more flexible if it ran on liquid fuel. It did not matter that Beau de Rochas had not built an engine nor that he had let his patent lapse by failing to pay his annual patent tax. Gottleib Daimler had trained as a gunsmith before he became an engineer. Otto was aware of the concept of compressed fuel charge and tried to make an engine using this principle in The Kortings were free to manufacture Otto cycle engines. The company began work on improving the engine and building a thrill casino for its manufacture. Gas engines became extensively used for small industrial establishments, sizzling hot deluxe online hra could thus dispense with the sieger tour de france of…. Internal-combustion engines In history of technology: Seeking capital, they entered into a partnership with Ludwig August Roosen-Runge, a businessman from Hamburg. But of greater importance to Otto was the concept of the stratified charge.
Otto sold tea, sugar, and kitchenware to grocery stores along the western border of Germany. Though he spent a great deal of time travelling between his home in Cologne and the many small towns he served, he still had time to meet and begin a long courtship with Anna Gossi.
Their courtship lasted nine years, due to his travelling and a new interest of Otto, engines. What little we know of his early interest and experiments with engines comes to us from the love letters that Anna received and saved after they married.
While he was traveling as a salesman, Otto first learned about the new gas-powered engine invented by Etienne Lenoir.
It was the first workable internal combustion engine. Before that, the energy to run an engine usually came from external combustion, such as in a steam engine.
In a steam engine, a fire was used to heat water. The resulting steam was compressed and, upon expanding, pushed a piston, fitted to a cylinder, that transferred the power to a crankshaft.
Then steam was directed to the other side of the piston, forcing it back. Thus, every stroke of the piston contributed power.
Although a great advance, the Lenoir engine was never an efficient and practical invention. It used the same principal as a steam engine, except that the piston was moved not by steam pressure, but by the ignition of a mixture of air and gas.
When the mixture was ignited, an explosion and rapid expansion pushed the piston back. But it was noisy, used far too much expensive fuel that needed to be stored or transported in a gaseous state, and produced too much heat.
It was initially popular as a replacement for steam engine applications but soon fell from favor. Otto was sure that the Lenoir engine would be more flexible if it ran on liquid fuel.
Although he had been deprived of a technical education, Otto invented a carburetor for this engine and worked to improve it in other ways.
He tried to patent the carburetor in Prussia in but was denied a patent. In , Otto built his first gasoline-powered engine. In , Otto was lucky to meet Eugen Langen.
Langen had interests in manufacturing and sugar production and had designed much of the equipment that his businesses owned.
He was looking for new interests, and Otto's engine intrigued him. Langen saw that, though imperfect, the engine had possibilities, and agreed to invest in Otto and his engine.
Together they formed N. Langen brought cash to the relationship, Otto brought his expertise. The company began work on improving the engine and building a factory for its manufacture.
Three years later, they had developed a much-improved engine. It bore little resemblance to either the Lenoir engine or to Otto's early prototypes.
When they decided to exhibit the engine at the Paris Exhibition, it was almost a disaster. The French judges at first ignored the engine in favor of more familiar styles.
An old school friend of Langen sat on the board of judges, and he convinced the others that efficiency should be part of the decision.
When tests showed that the Otto-Langen engine was using less than half the energy that the other engines were using, the machine was awarded the gold medal.
The resulting publicity created a demand for their engine that the partners could not meet. Seeking capital, they entered into a partnership with Ludwig August Roosen-Runge, a businessman from Hamburg.
Roosen-Runge's money helped, but demand still outstripped supply. Langen convinced his brothers and their partners in the sugar business to invest. Their combined investment was more than 13 times what Roosen-Runge had invested, and it enabled a new company, Gasmotoren-Frabrik Deutz AG, to be incorporated in January Otto, who had never invested money in the business, received no stock in the new company and accepted a long-term employment contract instead.
Langen made one very important hiring decision at Deutz. Gottleib Daimler had trained as a gunsmith before he became an engineer.
He had years of experience in factories across Europe, and Langen saw him as the man who could run the new, larger factory.
Daimler was appointed technical director to the Deutz works. Daimler brought with him his protege, a young engineer named Wilhelm Maybach.
Over the next ten years, Maybach, who would become one of the great engine designers, would work closely with Otto on many projects, including developing the internal combustion engine for use in road vehicles.
Deutz became the premiere engine manufacturer in the world and was soon licensing its design around Europe.
In , Otto's newest invention was built, and the internal combustion engine was never the same. Otto knew that the engines based on Lenoir's basic design had reached their limitations.
They were noisy, vibrated a lot, and were limited in the amount of power they could produce. He knew that more power and efficiency could be reached if the fuel mixture could be better controlled and compressed.
He saw that the way to do this was to use only one piston per chamber and spread the cycle of combustion over four strokes.
In the four strokes of the Otto cycle, the first outward stroke of the piston draws a mixture of air and fuel into the piston through a valve into the cylinder.
The second stroke compresses the mixture, preparing it to be ignited. Ignition of the fuel-air mixture causes an explosion, and the rapid expansion of the resulting gases provides the power for the third stroke.
On the fourth, inward stroke, the piston forces the exhaust gases out of the cylinder through another valve.
This design went against what was considered prudent at the time. Most engineers believed that every stroke had to provide power, as in the steam engine.
Early in , Otto sought investors to fund his research. He found Eugen Langen, whose father was a sugar industrialist.
This was the world's first company focused entirely on the design and production of internal combustion engines. It consumed less than half the gas of the Lenoir and Hugon atmospheric engines and so was a commercial success.
The Lenoir engine was a double acting engine. In essence these engines are a steam engine altered to run on illuminating gas. The engines of Italian inventors Eugenio Barsanti and Felice Matteucci in their British Patent no of , were built and are in a museum.
Unlike Otto's engine these are two stroke atmospheric engines which are not in any way comparable. Lenoir's engines were the first to be put into serial production with numbers sold being around The Otto engine which is the predecessor of the modern engine as specified by the VDI is Otto's fourth design.
He built the following engines:. For all its commercial success, with the company producing engines a year by ,  the Otto and Langen engine had hit a technical dead end: Otto turned his attention to the four stroke cycle which he had failed at in This was the first commercially successful engine to use in-cylinder compression.
The Rings-Schumm engine appeared in autumn and was immediately successful. Otto married Anna Gossi and the couple had seven recorded children.
His son Gustav Otto grew up to become an aircraft builder. The Otto engine was designed as a stationary engine and in the action of the engine, the stroke is an upward or downward movement of a piston in a cylinder.
Used later in an adapted form as an automobile engine , four strokes are involved:. Otto had obtained many patents from several different nations and for several different features.
When his former manager Gottlieb Daimler wanted to build small engines for transportation Otto showed no interest. Daimler left and took Maybach with him.
Daimler had no desire to pay royalties to Otto Deutz AG and so hired a lawyer to find a solution. What the lawyer found was a patent for the concept of a four cycle engine that had been issued to Beau De Rochas , a French engineer, in This resulted in Otto losing one of his patents and allowed Daimler to sell his engines in Germany without paying royalties.
Neither Otto nor Daimler were aware of the Rochas patent. Rochas never built an engine. It is likely he could not have done so.
Several of the inventions that are sometimes mentioned as having preceded the Otto engine, such as Marcus, Barsanti, etc. Otto's atmospheric engine is not the VDI and other associations Otto engine type.
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